Motivational theory

But the valence or value people place on various rewards varies. The level of satisfaction depends upon the amount of rewards one achieves. Incentive theory is promoted by behavioral psychologists, such as B.

The relationships between notions of effort, performance, and reward are depicted in Figure This differs from the rational system, which assumes that people prefer routine and security to creativity. In operant conditioningthe type and Motivational theory of behavior is determined mainly by its consequences.

According to Maslow, once one need is satisfied, an individual seeks to achieve the next level. Long term addicts do not shoot up to get high; they shoot up to stop being sick -- to get normal.

Incentive theory is promoted by behavioral psychologists, such as B. But maybe a bit more rational. Such efforts often focus on the subject rather than rewards or punishments. This results in ultimate satisfaction to man.

Efforts at fostering intrinsic motivation can be slow to affect behavior and can require special and lengthy preparation. Vroom's " expectancy theory " provides an account of when people may decide to exert self-control in pursuit of a particular goal.

Three Major Theories of Motivation

It is often helpful to know what interests one's students in order to connect these interests with the subject matter. Both may be equal or may not be.


No two workers are alike; it can be a challenge to understand what makes each one tick so that you can apply the appropriate motivational technique. Choosing a Motivation Style There are several things to consider when selecting a motivation style.

Because supervisors have direct authority over employees, they must ensure that the employee's actions are in line with the standards of efficient conduct. Maslow refers to higher- lower order needs, whereas Herzberg refers to motivation and hygiene factors.

However, when the motivation to participate in activities is a prominent belief within the family, the adolescents autonomy is significantly higher. A behavior that is reinforced intermittently, at unpredictable intervals, will be more robust and persistent, compared to one that is reinforced every time the behavior is performed.

They exert tremendous influence on human behaviour. After having seen the benefits of collaboration and work, and also having the opportunity to be included, the child will be intrinsically motivated to participate in similar tasks.Jun 27,  · A number of motivational theories have been developed over time that can help you get the most out of your workers.

Hierarchy of Needs Psychologist Abraham Maslow developed this theory. Humanistic theories of motivation are based on the idea that people also have strong cognitive reasons to perform various actions.


This is famously illustrated in Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which. Incentive theory distinguishes itself from other motivation theories, such as drive theory, in the direction of the motivation.

In incentive theory, stimuli "attract" a person towards them.

Theories of Motivation

Taylor's Theory of Scientifc Management. Frederick Taylor's theory of motivation states that most workers are motivated solely by the pay they receive for the work they do.

The expectancy theory of motivation suggests that when we are thinking about the future, we formulate different expectations about what we think will happen. When we predict that there will most likely be a positive outcome, we believe that we are able to make that possible future a reality.

Behavioral psychologists have developed various theories about motivation in an attempt to better understand and control human behavior. A basic understanding of three major motivation theories helps us to see how motivation can be applied in the workplace.

Motivational theory
Rated 0/5 based on 52 review